The Secret of the Runes

EACH RUNE CARRIES A TEACHING (A TRADITION) THAT YOU MUST KNOW HOW TO DISCOVER, THE ORDER OF THE RUNES IS NOT DUE TO CHANCE, IT REFLECTS A COMPLETE SPIRITUAL EVOLUTION. THIS IS WHY THE RUNES SHOULD NOT BE CONSIDERED AS A SIMPLE LETTERS OF THE ALPHABET! THE RUNES ARE MUCH MORE THAN THAT , AND WE WILL SEE IT IN THIS ARTICLE.

THROUGHOUT THIS ARTICLE WE WILL EXCLUSIVELY TALK ABOUT THE 24-CHARACTER ANCIENT FUTHARK RUNES . BUT OTHER RUNIC ALPHABETS EXIST, MORE RECENT AND WITH A DIFFERENT NUMBER OF RUNE, DEPENDING ON TIMES AND SOMETIMES DEPENDING ON GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS.
THE WORD FUTHARK IS FROM THE CONTRACTION OF THE FIRST SIX LETTERS OF THE RUNIC ALPHABET:
F EHU – U RUZ – TH URISAZ – A NSUZ – R AIDHO – K ENAZ
FUTH ARK

– The origin and meaning of the runes –

The word “ Rune ” means, “secret”, “mystery”, “whisper” . It derives from the old Norse root “ rùn” , which means “secret”, “secret teaching”, “wisdom” or “magical sign”.


Each rune has a name and a sound that designate an object, an animal or a quality. Each rune name therefore carries a concept and this reflects the symbolism of this rune and its correspondences.
A rune thus carries a teaching, which it is necessary to know how to discover. Moreover the order of the runes is not due to chance, it translates a complete spiritual evolution. This is why runes should not be considered as simple letters of the alphabet as many people think today. Runes are mysteries, ideographic symbols of esoteric concepts. Besides, the runes are not limited to the rune of the Futhark, they are also included under the term rune in the broad sense in what are called runoglyphs . The runoglyphs are ideographic symbols which do not enter the Futhark and which nevertheless represent many mysteries such as the hammer of Þórr (Thor), the sun wheel or the Swastika.
Each rune therefore has three levels of analysis:
  • its shape (geometric and phonetic)
  • its concept (its symbolism)
  • its number (which links it to other runes and makes it dynamic).
The origin of the runes as men know them comes from Odin, who hanged himself by the Odin hanging from Yggdrasil feet in the Yggdrasil for nine days and nine nights without eating or drinking, wounded by his own spear, in order to reach a state of trance during which the runes were revealed to him. It was Odin who, after discovering them during this shamanic rite, taught them to men. Through this teaching, Odin brought to men magic, inspiration, wisdom and poetry in all the worlds.
But on the historical origin of the runes, several serious hypotheses clash.
Among these serious hypotheses, four have really marked research on the origins of the Futhark:
  • the Latin hypothesis
  • the Greek hypothesis
  • the North-Italic hypothesis (Etruscan)
  • the native hypothesis
No hypothesis can be fully confirmed, but looking closely, it seems that the runes do not come from a system, but from a mixture of ideograms, native (Germanic) symbols and writing systems. Mediterranean.

– The Elder Futhark-


This alphabet made up of 24 runes, also called Common Germanic Futhark , is the oldest runic alphabet in the true sense, and the most widespread.
The oldest attested runes date from around 50 CE, and were discovered on the Meldorf Brooch (pictured below)
meldorf brooch
The Elder Futhark experienced four historical periods:
  • 1st to 8th century CE (Elder Futhark, early Frisian Futhark appearance)
  • 8th century to 1100 CE (later Futhark)
  • 1100 to 1600 CE (Period when the tradition of runes is gradually being lost)
  • 1600 CE (a period of revival)
Although the runic tradition has endured since 1100 CE in remote areas of Scandinavia, this has come at the expense of its integrity. What has survived is a badly damaged remnant of the original tradition.
Today about three hundred Old Futhark inscriptions remain, many having been lost because they were engraved on wood or bone, which are perishable materials. The ones we have left are on metal or on stones.
This Futhark was engraved on two types of objects:

Moving objects:

  • weapons (swords, spear and arrowheads, axe, shields)
  • brooches
  • amulets
  • tools
  • comb
  • drinking horns
  • figurines
  • wooden boxes
  • jewelry
  • vessel
Fixed Objects:
  • rock walls
  • bauta stones (which indicate a burial, a place of worship or assembly)
The Futhark is divided into three groups of eight runes called aettir (singular aett ), which means "eight runes, eight directions" .
Each of these three groups is ruled by a god and a goddess:
  • The first aett is ruled by Freyr and Freyja who symbolize fertility.
  • The second aett is ruled by Heimdallr and Mordgud who are the guardians of the bridges between the worlds.
  • The third aett is ruled by Tyr and Zisa (goddess of the Germanic pantheon) who symbolize law and justice.
This Futhark has a particularity, namely that the runes have a very precise and fixed order. There are nevertheless two existing orders or the thirteenth and the fourteenth, as well as the last two can be changed.
Here is the complete sequence with the two possible orders for the last two runes:
futhark
The first order is considered by many rune specialists to be the most logical given the meaning of these last two runes.

-NEWEST FUTHARK-

The runes were an evolutionary system, not fixed by institutions, unlike our current alphabet.
In the middle of the 5th century CE (c. 450), in Friesland, four runes were added to the old Futhark, giving rise to a Futhark of 28 runes (called Frisian Futhark) , which was exported to England where one more rune was added, which gave the Anglo-Saxon Futhark.
These two Futhark are then put together, but whereas the Anglo-Saxon Futhark is complete, and may focus on magic, the Frisian Futhark is only fragmentary and mainly focused on the esoteric aspect.

This later Futhark went through two historical periods:

  • 450 to 650 CE: the circulation is important and is done especially along the pagan ways
  • 650 to 1100 CE: Christianization slows down the exchanges and causes the disappearance of the visible and complete magical practices of the runes.
The Anglo-Saxon Futhark was found on about sixty mobile objects divided into three types of objects:
smp_futhorc
Moving objects:
  • weapons
  • box
  • bone or wood
Fixed objects:
  • Commemorative Runestone
  • stone crosses (Christian)
Manuscripts:
  • Abbreviations or means of encryption
Some runes (such as Wunjo) took on a rounded shape due to the use of the quill instead of the chisel. This rounded shape was transmitted to Germany and then to Scandinavia.
Here is the complete sequence of The Anglo-Saxon Futhark (also called The futhorc):
futharkanglo
The Frisian Futhark , found only on 16 remains of runic inscriptions, thus prevents having the complete sequence because it is often engraved on wooden or bone objects which have been preserved in the damp soils of marsh embankments. The Frisian Futhark existed in a strong pagan context, as Friesland resisted Christianity, thanks to its valiant kings until the end of the 7th century.

– THE EVOLUTION –

In the year 800, in the North of England (now South of Scotland), 4 Runes were added to the Anglo Saxon Futhark , which resulted in the creation of the Northumbrian Futhark .
This Northumbrian Futhark is divided, not into three, but into four a ett of eight runes plus a central rune (Gar) . The runes were therefore used as writing in England, until Alfred the Great instituted Roman-style education.
In the 13th century the Scandinavian runes are standardized,
Around 1200 this system gave birth to the system of dotted runes, consisting of a sequence of 25 runes whose order is similar to that of the Roman alphabet. This system was used to write the Swedish Codex Runicus in the 13th Century.
The runes also served as an encryption system for the Scandinavian military during the Hundred Years War.
Irish druires used runes for a time.

In the 20th Century begins a resurgence of interest in runes.
In 1902, Guido Von List created his own runic system called "Systeme Armaniste" , consisting of 18 runes. The 18 Armanist Runes are all based on the six-pointed star shape of the Hagalaz rune.
In the 1920s/1930s the runes were used as seals for architects, carpenters and certain craftsmen.
During the Second World War, certain runes like Sowilo or the Svatiaka are recovered by the Nazis in their pan-Germanic design. This recovery will give the runes a bad reputation which will hinder research in order to restore the initial runic tradition.
All the modifications that we have seen above will lead to a use far from the original one and a general misunderstanding of the runes.

– The use of Runes –

The primary use of runes was initially solely for esoteric purposes. For this the runes were used either as a tool of divination, or as amulets, or used in rituals in the form of symbols drawn on the ground.
As a tool of divination, runes are used like tarots or oracles: they are drawn like cards or thrown on a cloth and their interpretation depends on the other runes drawn.
As an amulet the runes are engraved on pebbles or pieces of metal alone or linked to reinforce their power. But the best is to engrave them on living things (wood).
In the table below, the divination meaning given is a general meaning but the runes can have multiple meanings. These hidden meanings are unique to each person drawing the runes. To know which rune to use depending on the case, we will give the analogical laws of each rune on several planes.

If you use several runes you must choose a major one which will be larger and the others will be engraved in a smaller size at the bottom right of the major rune

FEHU
DIVINITY: FREY, GOD OF FERTILITY

Phonetic :
 F of Fire
Symbolism of this rune:
Fehu is the rune associated with fire, this is why fehu indicates a movement, it announces a change of situation, a new life, a state which is transformed by action. Sentimentally, it indicates reciprocal feelings and the possibility of the installation of a couple.
Divinatory value:
Fehu symbolizes strength, health and prosperity. It can also designate a project in progress, a beginning, a beginning.
Wisdom advice:
Fehu invites us to discover and explore the fundamental source of energy that exists within us in order to better know our deep desires and thus unleash our potential.

URUZ
– DIVINITY: THOR

Phonetic :
Or of Ursa
Symbolism of this rune:
It also designates the aurochs and the bison, powerful with vast horns. A mass of moving muscles. It is a rune of primordial force, which goes straight ahead without ever deviating from its path. Sentimentally, it indicates a torrid romantic relationship.
Divinatory value:
This rune evokes the idea of ​​gestation, which prepares for a new birth. Uruz can mean any form of help that comes to us, active protection. It also evokes the positive circumstances that make our life healthier and that make us rediscover health and balance.
Wisdom advice:
Uruz teaches us about individuality and the search for self-enlightenment.

THURISAZ
DIVINITY: THOR

Phonetic :
Like the "th" of thing
Symbolism of this rune:
Thurisaz represents the strong and powerful giant. We can see the hammer of Thor fighting the giants, it also evokes the thorn of the branch. It warns you in time of an ignored or underestimated danger. Sentimentally, it indicates a progressive relationship where everyone defines their territory a little.
Divinatory value:
This rune evokes our attack and defense potential, as well as our ability to overcome and fight against life's little trials.
Wisdom advice:
Our being knows its evolution by the confrontation with experiences of awakening. We must not give up in front of the obstacle, but face it by mobilizing all our energy in the face of combat!

ANSUZ
DIVINITY: ODIN

Phonetic :
A of tree
Symbolism of this rune:
Ansuz is the rune of the Ases, and more specifically the rune of Odin, father of all things. With her, you have the floor. Linked to knowledge and wisdom, it foreshadows a test from which you will take advantage. Sentimentally, it indicates that feelings must come first and foremost through communication.
Divinatory value:
Ansuz symbolizes intelligence, knowledge, mental abilities. But also inspiration, wisdom and magic
Wisdom advice:
Ansuz shows that it is necessary to open minds and broaden horizons. It also indicates that it is desirable to return to the sources of consciousness to find one's purpose.

RAIDHO
DIVINITY: NERTHUS (GODDESS – MOTHER OF THE FAMILY)

Phonetic :
R of Queen
Symbolism of this rune:
Raidho represents a cart, a path, a wheel. This rune is that of travel. Inner journey or journey on earth. It signifies dynamic evolution, moving energy, maturation, growth and change. Sentimentally, it indicates a new love story, an unexpected renewal.
Divinatory value:
The overlap gives rise to the idea of ​​a journey, a route, a path or a journey.
Wisdom advice:
The lived experiences will only have value if they are acquired and transformed into rules of life, and followed every day. It therefore seems necessary to find your personal rhythm and the values ​​that are specific to you.

KENAZ
DIVINITY: HEIMDAL

Phonetic :
K of Creativity
Symbolism of this rune:
Kenaz represents torch or controlled fire unlike fehu which is uncontrolled fire. It represents the movement, the momentum, the light which diffuses all around its source. Sentimentally, it indicates love at first sight, a fiery love but which can also be temporary.
Divinatory value:
Kenaz can refer to great abilities to manipulate energies on several planes.
Wisdom advice:
Kenaz indicates that it becomes necessary to develop one's skills through concrete achievements.

GEBO
DIVINITY: GEFN

Phonetic :
G of cake
Symbolism of this rune:
Gebo represents the interaction of two forces, the meeting point of two different energies. Rune of exchange, of support, it is the rune of disinterested affection. Sentimentally, this rune is the rune of love.
Divinatory value:
Gebo designates a situation in which we encounter love, exchange or sharing. It also suggests the idea of ​​creating a relationship.
Wisdom advice:
Gebo reminds people that they can learn to share the fruits of their creativity.

WUNJO
DIVINITY: FRIGG

Phonetic :
the W of wadding
Symbolism of this rune:
Wunjo symbolizes harmony after giving. This rune exalts the feelings, including in the field of social relations. Note: this rune indicates a lasting period. Sentimentally, it indicates the end of a period of loneliness or sadness.
Divinatory value:
Wunjo indicates a feeling of joy, and happiness. It designates a family or a fraternity.
Wisdom advice:
Wunjo indicates that it is necessary to know our family, whatever the connotation of this word. Finally, Wunjo indicates, in the broadest sense, that one must learn to know others.

HAGALAZ
DIVINITY: URD

Phonetic :
the H of Harche
Symbolism of this rune:
Hagalaz symbolizes the hailstone. A hailstone is water which, when transformed into a solid, can destroy crops or homes. It is therefore the danger but also the victory. Because the hailstone re-transforms into water and becomes beneficial for all. Sentimentally, it indicates a difficult period, a destabilizing relationship, even a breakup.
Divinatory value:
Hagalaz announces bad surprises, difficulties which will leave as quickly as they came, but which will bring positive changes.
Wisdom advice:
Hagalaz teaches us patience and keeping our cool to discover the essential structure on which we will build our lives.

NAUDHIZ
DIVINITY: SKULD

Phonetic :
N of None
Symbolism of this rune:
Naudhiz is associated with the fire of sacrifice, it symbolizes the crises, trials and changes of course that mark our lives and allow us to evolve. Sentimentally, it designates a blockage.
Divinatory value:
Naudhiz announces the obstacles encountered in our path, and the process of resistance that we all try.
Wisdom advice:
Naudhiz indicates that it is sometimes necessary to make sacrifices, in order to clean up our life. Assume hardships and obstacles, while letting go.

ISA
DIVINITY: VERDANDI

Phonetic :
I of Isolation
Symbolism of this rune:
Isa is a powerful ice rune. This ice which signifies the dangers of winter, crystallization. It therefore symbolizes a return to the earth, to the physical world and to focus again on ourselves to find its unity. Emotionally, relationships in couples are cold. The situation is conducive to separation.
Divinatory value:
Isa announces that it is necessary to operate a re-centering on oneself, and to regain independence in relation to others.
Wisdom advice:
Isa teaches us that after dispersing, we must channel our energies into a harmonious whole.

YERA
DIVINITY: FREYR

Phonetic :
J pronounced in German like the Y in Yogurt (Jera=Yera)
Symbolism of this rune:
Jera symbolizes the harvest of summer, a reward obtained after the efforts made. It symbolizes a deserved reward after so much effort on our life. Very positive, it announces success, joys, happiness. Emotionally, the time for reconciliation has finally arrived for couples in difficulty. A marriage or a child is in sight.
Divinatory value:
Jera is connected to Freyr and Freyja, the twin god and goddess, which explains why she symbolizes the union between the earth and the cosmos. It indicates that we must not rush, every effort made will soon be reaped.
Wisdom advice:
Isa teaches us that we must know how to adapt to change and that we must keep our childlike spirit in order to see each new thing with wonder.

EIHWAZ
DIVINITY: VALI

Phonetic :
EI is pronounced like “Eille”
Symbolism of this rune:
Eihwaz is associated with the symbol of the sacred tree which is life but also death because its bark, roots, leaves, fruits and resin are toxic. It is the hidden influences, the mysterious realm of the occult. It is a protective rune. Changes are imminent that will work to your advantage. Emotionally, it's time to consider what suits you best. A choice has to be made.
Divinatory value:
Eihwaz indicates questioning, reversals of situation or transformations to come.
Wisdom advice:
Eihwaz teaches us that to discover new horizons, we must agree to leave and leave what we have.

PERTHRO
DIVINITY: FRIGG

Phonetic :
P of past
Symbolism of this rune:
Perthro symbolizes chance and fate as well as divination. It designates the pawns or the pieces of a game, all of this revolves around the same symbol that of the chances of life. Sentimentally, the period is conducive to announcements. You will finally discover your true feelings.
Divinatory value:
Perthro indicates that we need to know our Destiny in order to be able to assume and realize it.
Wisdom advice:
Perthro teaches us that you have to get down to the bottom of yourself, and question yourself honestly.

ELHAZ
DIVINITY: HEIMDALL

Phonetic :
Z
Symbolism of this rune:
Elhaz means "Moose", feeder animal of the Nordics for millennia, it is naturally associated with the horns of this animal. This rune is a protective force. It is related to Yggdrasil, the tree of life. Elhaz is linked to the Valkyries, these protective spirits of warriors, daughters of Odin who welcome the souls of warriors who died in battle to Valhalla. It was often engraved on spears, swords and shields to ensure victory and protect the warrior. Sentimentally, it shows an openness to your relationships.
Divinatory value:
Elhaz indicates the presence of a natural protection (guardian angel or other according to your vision of things), but also our need for elevation on all levels.
Wisdom advice:
Elhaz, teaches us that the true destiny of man is his elevation towards the superior worlds.

SOWILO
DIVINITY: BALDER

Phonetic :
S of Sun
Symbolism of this rune:
Sowilo means the Sun, it is the major symbol with the sun wheel, but it also symbolizes lightning by its geometric shape. Sowilo is the fountain of light, strength, joy and prosperity. It gives us the strength to work on ourselves and it strengthens our spirit. She brings light to our dark path. Emotionally, your relationships will be in good shape.
Divinatory value:
Sowilo symbolizes the accomplishment of an important step, a victory, a step taken.
Wisdom advice:
Sowilo teaches us that we must clean up our living conditions, purify and create a void so that understanding or enlightenment can manifest.

TIWAZ
DIVINITY: TYR

Phonetic :
T of Temple
Symbolism of this rune:
Tiwaz is the rune of the god Tyr, god of war, order and justice. Everything pushes you to move forward and to take responsibility. You fight with all your strength because you know that success is at the end of the road. Tiwaz was used to curry favor with Tyr in order to win a battle, this rune gives physical and mental endurance in all competitions. Emotionally, your relationships will be intense. enjoy it.
Divinatory value:
Tiwaz symbolizes taking responsibility, but also a nobly obtained victory, justice rendered or a restoration of balance.
Wisdom advice:
Tiwaz teaches us that we have to be ready to make sacrifices to get what we want.

BERKANO
DIVINITY: NERTHUS

Phonetic :
B of Birch
Symbolism of this rune:
Berkano means "Birch" it is the symbol of this tree and its goddess, who is none other than the mother goddess linked to birth. Berkano is the rune of those who never give up, no matter what, and get everyone's love and respect. Sentimentally, it announces a strengthening in projects and new encounters.
Divinatory value:
Berkano symbolizes a birth, or the beginning of a cycle of rebirth.
Wisdom advice:
Berkano teaches us that it is wise to accept that things change between life and death. You have to accept that everything is only passage, transformation, transition.

EHWAZ
DIVINITY: FREY

Phonetic :
Hey like Elephant.
Symbolism of this rune:
Ehwaz means “Horse”, and she is the symbol of this animal. This rune also symbolizes mobility, movement. It indicates adventure and discovery such as Odin's shamanic journey with Sleipnir his horse. Emotionally it indicates a new project to undertake.
Divinatory value:
Ehwaz symbolizes journey, departure, movement or instability
Wisdom advice:
Ehwaz teaches us that we must recognize the duality that is in each of us and use it as a source of movement and evolution.

MANNAZ
DIVINITY: FRIGG

Phonetic :
M of Maturity
Symbolism of this rune:
Mannaz means humanity as a whole. More precisely, that men need each other. Help will be brought to you, which will allow you to solve a certain number of your problems. Sentimentally, it announces a new relationship, a new friendship.
Divinatory value:
Mannaz symbolizes everyone's harmony and balance. But also positive feelings such as brotherhood, solidarity and humanity.
Wisdom advice:
Mannaz teaches us that it is wise to keep in mind, in this moving world, that there is one person who is there for you.

LAGUZ
DIVINITY: NJÖRD

Phonetic :
L of Lake
Symbolism of this rune:
Laguz symbolizes the water of life in all its forms, sea, lake, river. It brings positive energies and good health. This rune means that your intuition will allow you to act correctly, when the time comes. Emotionally your relationships will be unstable like water.
Divinatory value:
Laguz indicates a phase of growth and evolution, things are moving. It announces a healing.
Wisdom advice:
Laguz teaches us to surrender to the vital flow to reveal our creativity. It pushes us to get in touch with our unconscious to move forward on our path.

INGWAZ
DIVINITY: FREYR

Phonetic :
ING of BeING
Symbolism of this rune:
Ingwaz is the rune of the god Yngvi linked to Freyr, god of fertility, nature and fertility by his sister Freyja. Ingwaz is therefore the rune of creativity, of a new project, love, encounter. Emotionally the arguments give way to a great connection.
Divinatory value:
Ingwaz announces a period of concentration, of withdrawal into oneself. Whatever things happen, construction is underway.
Wisdom advice:
Ingwas teaches us that to grow and develop one must refocus on oneself, as a period of gestation necessary for the act of creation to manifest.

OTHALAZ
DIVINITY: FREYR

Phonetic :
O of Odin
Symbolism of this rune:
Othalaz symbolizes the heritage of our ancestors, the spiritual heritage they bequeathed to us. It is the sacred place of the family, a shelter where one can find peace and calm. Emotionally, a two-person installation is possible.
Divinatory value:
Othalaz announces the discovery of his roots, or of his true family. We are going to receive something that is due to us.
Wisdom advice:
Othalaz teaches us that we need to find our true family, find the ties that unite us all.

DAGAZ
DIVINITY: HEIMDALL

Phonetic :
D of Duality
Symbolism of this rune:
Dagaz is the rune of the day, of the birth of the day. It symbolizes accomplishment and achievement, it is the rune of dawn, dawn, light and awakening. Dagaz was formerly engraved on the doors, the shutters, the windows in order to prevent the harmful spirits from entering there. Emotionally a birth is coming.
 
Divinatory value:
Dagaz announces a clarification, an understanding of a problem that has remained obscure. It also indicates a questioning or awareness.
Wisdom advice:
Dagaz teaches us that all is accomplished, that the past lies behind us and that a new world awaits us. Look straight ahead, never looking back